News on what is visable in this months sky as posted by Adrian Zielonka's in his monthly sky notes.
Thank you Adrian and thank you CADAS.
Here is the astronomy news for January 2019
Night Sky 2019 - January
Venus Rises / Sets
1st – 8:14am
10th – 8:12am
20th – 8:04am
30th – 7:51am
1st – 4:14pm
10th – 4:25pm
20th – 4:41pm
30th – 4:58pm
1st – 7:11am
5th – 7:25am
10th – 7:41am
1st – 4:16am
10th – 4:29am
20th – 4:45am
30th – 5:01am
1st – 3:20am
2nd – 4:30am
3rd – 5:37am
4th – 6:40am
5th – 7:37am
6th – 8:26am
7th – 9:08am
8th – 9:42am
9th – 10:11am
10th – 10:35am
11th – 10:57am
12th – 11:17am
13th – 11:36am
14th – 11:57am
15th – 12:19pm
1st – 1:35pm
2nd – 2:02pm
3rd – 2:35pm
4th – 3:14pm
5th – 3:59pm
6th – 4:52pm
7th – 5:49pm
8th – 6:51pm
9th – 7:54pm
10th – 8:58pm
11th – 10:03pm
12th – 11:09pm
14th – 12:16am
15th – 1:25am
16th – 2:37am
16th – 12:45pm
17th – 1:17pm
18th – 1:58pm
19th – 2:50pm
20th – 3:56pm
21st – 5:12pm
22nd – 6:34pm
23rd – 7:58pm
24th – 9:20pm
25th – 10:39pm
26th – 11:56pm
28th – 1:10am
29th – 2:21am
30th – 3:30am
31st – 4:34am
17th – 3:51am
18th – 5:05am
19th – 6:17am
20th – 7:22am
21st – 8:16am
22nd – 9:00am
23rd – 9:35am
24th – 10:03am
25th – 10:29am
26th – 10:52am
27th – 11:15am
28th – 11:39am
29th – 12:06pm
30th – 12:37pm
31st – 1:14pm
A useful site:
A S Zielonka
Comet 46P/Wirtanen was at perihelion last month when it made a close approach to the Earth. It starts the year as a 'potentially' naked eye object in Camelopardalis. The comet circles through the front paws Ursa Major. It
remains well placed as it fades into March. It is currently at 6.5 magnitude (For further information please the 'Comets' section in the website above).
On the morning of the 1st at 7:00am you will see the Moon in the SSE with Venus 7 degrees to the lower left of it and Jupiter 6 degrees
above the horizon in the south east. The asteroid Ceres is 4½ degrees above Venus towards the star Zubeneschamali (2.6 mag) in Libra (For further information please the 'Asteroids & Sky Chart' sections in the website above).
Saturn is at superior conjunction (with the Sun) on the 2nd.
At 6:30am on the morning of 2nd Venus will be 4½ degrees to the upper right of the crescent Moon with Jupiter 13 degrees to the lower
left and just 3 degrees above the horizon.
On the 3rd at 7:00am Jupiter is just 2½ degrees to the lower right of the thin crescent Moon.
The Quadrantids meteor shower reaches its peak during the night of the 3rd.
At 7:30am on the morning of the 4th a very thin crescent Moon will be 5 degrees above the south east horizon with Mercury 4½ degrees
to the lower left of it and barely a degree above the horizon.
There is a partial eclipse of the Sun on the 6th which will only be seen from about half of China, Eastern Russia, Japan and the south west corner of Alaska.
Venus is at maximum western elongation on the 6th
and is 47 degrees from the Sun.
There is a planned launch on the 7th* from Kennedy Space Center, Florida of a Falcon 9 rocket to the International
Space Station (ISS). This will be the first uncrewed test flight of the Commercial Crew Program and will provide data on the performance of the Falcon 9 rocket, Crew Dragon spacecraft, and ground systems, as well as on-orbit, docking and landing operations.
The flight test also will provide valuable data toward NASA certifying SpaceX’s crew transportation system for carrying astronauts to and from the ISS.
On the 7th at 4:50pm a very thin crescent Moon will be 6½ degrees above the horizon in the SW.
At 6:00pm on the 8th the 4.2 magnitude star Iota Capricorni is just 1½ degrees above the thin crescent Moon in the south west.
On the 9th at 6:00pm the 2.8 magnitude star Delta Capricorni is 5 degrees to the lower right of the crescent Moon.
At 6:00pm on the 10th the crescent Moon will be midway between the stars Lambda Aquarii (3.7mag) and Skat (3.2 mag) in Aquarius. Neptune is 6¼ degrees above the Moon.
On the mornings of the 10th & 11th around 6:00am the star Acrab (2.5 mag) in Scorpius will be 2½ degrees to the lower right of the planet Venus.
Pluto is at superior conjunction (with the Sun) on the 11th.
On the 11th at 6:00pm Neptune is 9 degrees to the right of the Moon and midway between the stars Phi Aquarii (4.2 mag) and Lambda Aquarii (3.7mag) in Aquarius.
At 6:00pm on the 12th Mars will be 6½ degrees directly above the Moon.
Saturn and Mercury are in close conjunction on the 13th. At 7:52am they will be both be just above the horizon low in the south east.
On the 13th at 6:35pm Mars will be 10 degrees directly to the right of the Moon.
At 8:00pm on the 14th Uranus is 5½ degrees to the upper right of the Moon. It's also 1½ degrees above the star Omicron Piscium (4.2 mag) in Pisces.
On the 15th at 6:00pm the star Mu Ceti (4.2 mag) in Cetus is less than a degree to the right of the Moon.
At 6:00pm on the 17th the star Aldebaran (0.8 mag) in Taurus is 1 degree to the lower right of the Moon.
On the 18th at 8:00pm the star Zeta Tauri (2.9 mag) in Taurus is just 1½ degrees above the Moon.
At midnight on the 19th the 4th magnitude star Mekbuda in Gemini is just 2½ degrees to the left of the Moon.
There is a Total Eclipse of the Moon during night of the 20th which will be seen in full from the UK. The Penumbral phase begins – 2:36:30am. Partial phase – 3:33:54am, Totality – 4:41:17am,
Partial phase 5:43:16am, Penumbral phase – 6:50:39, Penumbral phase ends – 7:48:00am. Its at greatest eclipse at 5:12:16am. Hope some of you manage to see some of the eclipse even though I don't expect you to see all of it.
On the 22nd at 10:00pm the bright star Regulus in Leo is 3 degrees below the Moon in the east.
Between the 21st - 24th Venus & Jupiter pass close by to one another. On the 23rd at 6:00am Jupiter is just 2½ degrees to
the lower right of Venus low in the south east.
At 10:30pm on the 23rd the 2.7 magnitude star Porrima is just 3 degrees to the upper right of the Moon in the east.
On the 26th at 6:00pm the star Epsilon Piscium (4.2 mag) in Pisces is just 1 degree above right of Mars... and two days later at the same time Mars will be 1½ degrees to the left of the star.
On the 28th at 7:00am the star Zubenelgenubi (2.7 mag) in Libra is 4½ degrees below the Moon.
Mercury is at superior conjunction (with the Sun) on the 30th.
At 7:00pm on the 30th Jupiter is 10 degrees to the lower left of the crescent Moon withVenus 8½ degrees to the left of Jupiter in the SSE. Saturn is 23 degrees to the lower left of Venus and
just 3 degrees above the SE horizon.
On the 31st at 7:15am the thin crescent Moon will be midway between Venus and Jupiter and 5 degrees from one another. Saturn is 22 degrees to the lower left and 5½ degrees above the horizon.
An occultation of Venus by the Moon occurs today over the central equatorial region of the Pacific Ocean and some of the countries in north west South America.
* = Dates and times are subject to change.
Facts: The first man-made object to escape the gravitational pull of the planet Earth was First Cosmic Ship that was renamed Luna 1. On the 4th January 1959 it passed by the Moon and entered a 450 day orbit around the Sun
somewhere between Earth and Mars.
News: NASA's Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security-Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft completed its 1.2 billion-mile journey to arrive at the asteroid Bennu on Monday 3rd
December. The spacecraft executed a maneuver that transitioned it from flying toward Bennu to operating around the asteroid. At about 11.8 miles from Bennu's Sun-facing surface, OSIRIS-REx will begin a preliminary survey of the asteroid. The spacecraft will
commence flyovers of Bennu's north pole, equatorial region, and south pole, getting as close as nearly 4 miles above Bennu during each flyover. The spacecraft will enter orbit around Bennu on December 31st - thus making Bennu,
which is only about 1,600 feet (492 metres) across - or about the length of five football fields - the smallest object ever orbited by a spacecraft. It's a critical step in OSIRIS-REx's years long quest to collect and eventually deliver at least two ounces
(60 grams) of regolith - dirt and rocks - from Bennu to Earth.
Here is the astronomy news for December.
From Adrian Zielonka
Night Sky 2018 - December
1st – 7:52am
10th – 8:03am
20th – 8:11am
30th – 8:15am
1st – 4:07pm
10th – 4:04pm
20th – 4:06pm
30th – 4:13pm
1st – 6:59am
10th – 6:10am
20th – 6:26am
30th – 7:03am
10th – 4:02am
20th – 4:03am
30th – 4:13am
1st – 12:34am
2nd – 1:50am
3rd – 3:04am
4th – 4:18am
5th – 5:30am
6th – 6:41am
7th – 7:48am
8th – 8:49am
9th – 9:44am
10th – 10:30am
11th – 11:08am
12th – 11:40am
13th – 12:07pm
14th – 12:30pm
15th – 12:52pm
1st – 1:55pm
2nd – 2:18pm
3rd – 2:40pm
4th – 3:04pm
5th – 3:30pm
6th – 4:00pm
7th – 4:35pm
8th – 5:17pm
9th – 6:06pm
10th – 7:00pm
11th – 8:00pm
12th – 9:02pm
13th – 10:06pm
14th – 11:11pm
16th – 12:17am
16th – 1:12pm
17th – 1:32pm
18th – 1:54pm
19th – 2:19pm
20th – 2:48pm
21st – 3:26pm
22nd – 4:13pm
23rd – 5:12pm
24th – 6:23pm
25th – 7:41pm
26th – 9:01pm
27th – 10:21pm
28th – 11:39pm
30th – 12:54am
31st – 2:08am
17th – 1:24am
18th – 2:34am
19th – 3:47am
20th – 5:02am
21st – 6:18am
22nd – 7:33am
23rd – 8:42am
24th – 9:41am
25th – 10:28am
26th – 11:05am
27th – 11:36am
28th – 12:02pm
29th – 12:25pm
30th – 12:47pm
31st – 1:10pm
A useful site:
A S Zielonka
There is a planned launch this month of a Chinese Long March 2D rocket from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, China. The Gaofen-6 remote sensing satellite will join the country's primary civilian Earth Observation
infrastructure comprising a variety of differently-instrumented satellites operating from different orbits to capture a comprehensive set of land, ocean and atmospheric parameters. It carries a package of three cameras, one for black-and-white imaging at a
two-meter ground resolution, one for colour imaging at eight-meter resolution and one for wide-angle colour imaging at a 16-meter GSD. It is intended as a replacement for the first Gaofen satellite launched in 2013.
On the 1st & 2nd Comet 46P Wirtanen will just 2 degrees from the 4.4 magnitude star Tau Eridani in the constellation of
Eridanus. Its location at 11:30pm is approximately 12 degrees above the horizon in the SSW. It was at 6.5 magnitude on 14th November. For further information please see the “Comet Section” in the website above.
On the 1st at 7:00am the 1st magnitude star Spica in Virgo is 6 degrees to the right of Venus in the SE.
At 7:00am on the 2nd the 2.7 magnitude star Porrima is just 1½ degrees below the Moon.
There is a scheduled launch on the 3rd* at 11:31am* from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan. NASA astronaut Anne McClain, Canadian Space Agency astronaut David Saint-Jacques and Oleg Kononenko of
the Russian Space Agency Roscomos are the next crew to launch to the International Space Station (ISS). See News Extra below.
On the 3rd at 6:00am in the SE the Moon will be approx midway between Zeta Virginis (3.3 Mag) and Spica in Virgo with Venus 8 degrees
below left of the Moon.
On the 3rd & 4th at 7:00am Comet C/2018 L2 Atlas will be just 2½ degrees from the 2nd magnitude star Rasalhague in Ophiuchus.
On the 2nd it was at perihelion (1.712AU) and a distance 2.424AU from Earth. It was at 10th*** magnitude on the 6th November. For further information please see the “Comet Section” in the website above.
From the 3rd – 8th Mars will be passing close to the star Lambda Aquarii and the planet Neptune. At 6:00pm on the 4th
the star Lambda Aquarii will be just ¾ of a degree above right of Mars in the south. At 6:00pm on the 7th Mars and the Neptune will be just a small fraction of a degree apart.
There is a scheduled launch on the 4th* at 6:38pm* from Cape Canaveral, Florida. An uncrewed SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft will lift off on a Falcon 9 rocket from Launch Complex 40. It will deliver
supplies and equipment to the ISS.
At 6:00am on the 4th Venus is 6 degrees to the above right of the crescent Moon.
On the 5th at 7:00am Mercury is 4 degrees above the horizon and 7½ degrees below left of the crescent Moon.
At 7:30am on the 6th a thin crescent Moon is 5½ degrees above the SE horizon with Jupiter 4 degrees below it and Mercury 6 degrees
above right of the Moon.
On the 8th at 4:30pm a very thin crescent Moon will be 4½ degrees above the horizon in the SW with Saturn 7 degrees above left of the
Moon. The 3.8 magnitude star Mu Sagittarii in Sagittarius is 1.8 degrees above left of the Moon.
An occultation of Saturn by the Moon occurs on the 9th at 5:00am over central Siberia.
At 5:00pm on the 9th low in the SW a thin crescent Moon will be 6½ degrees above the horizon with Saturn 5½ degrees to the lower right
of it. The 2.8 magnitude star Pi Sagittarii in Sagittarius is 2¼ degrees to the upper left of the Moon.
Around the 10th Comet 64P Swift-Gehrels will be within the constellation of Triangulum and at a distance 0.571AU from the Earth. On
the 14th November it was at 9th magnitude. For further information please see the “Comet Section” in the website above.
At 5:30pm on the 11th the asteroid Vesta is 3 degrees to the lower right of the Moon. For further information please see “Asteroid”
section in the website above.
Comet C/2018 V1 Machholz-Fujikawa-Iwamoto is at perihelion (closest to the Sun in its orbit) 0.387 AU on Dec 12th.
Comet 46P Wirtanen is at perihelion on the 12th. At a distance 1.055AU from the Sun.
On the 12th at 6:00pm the star Phi Aquarii (4.2 Mag) in Aquarius is a ¼ of a degree below Mars.
An occultation of Pluto by the Moon occurs on the 12th at 4:00am over Siberia, Japan and most of China.
Around 8:30pm on the 12th as the Moon approaches the horizon in WSW, the 3.6 magnitude star Nashira in Capricornus is less than ½ a
degree above the Moon.
On the 13th at 9:00pm Mars will be 16 degrees above left of the Moon in the south west, with Neptune just 4 degrees below right of
From the 14th - 17th Comet 46P Wirtanen will be at its closest to the Earth at a distance of 0.078AU (7,254,000 miles).
It is in the constellation of Taurus. It was at 6.5 magnitude on 14th November. For further information please see the “Comet Section” in the website above.
Comet 38P/Stephan-Oterma was at perihelion on the 10th November. Its closest to Earth from the 14th - 19th December
when it is at 0.766AU (71.238 million miles). Its in the constellation Lynx which is to the left Castor and Pollux in Gemini. It was at 10th magnitude on the 14th November. For further information please see the “Comet Section” in the
At 10:00pm on the 14th Mars will be 4½ degrees above right of the Moon in the WSW. Neptune is just 4 degrees to the right of the Moon.
The Geminids meteor shower reaches its peak on the 14th
at 10:30am, so the best viewing period maybe before dawn.
Mercury is at maximum western elongation from the Sun on the 15th.
On the 15th at 6:30pm the Moon will be due South with Mars 8½ degrees to the right of it.
A 10:00pm on the 17th the Moon will be in the south west with Uranus 7½ degrees directly above it. The 4.2 magnitude star Omicron is
1½ degrees below Uranus.
On the 18th at 9:45pm Uranus is 8 degrees to the right of the Moon. The 4.3 magnitude star Xi Ceti 11484 is just 1 degree left of the
Moon and by midnight they will be less than ¼ degree apart.
At midnight on the 19th the 3.7 magnitude star Xi Tauri in Taurus is just 3½ degrees to the lower left of the Moon.
On the 20th* the astronauts Serena Auñón-Chancellor, Alexander Gerst and cosmonaut Sergey Prokopyev will undock their Soyuz spacecraft from the International Space Station (ISS) and land in Kazakhstan.
From the 20th - 22nd Mercury and Jupiter will be passing very close to each other. On the 21st low in the south
east and just a few degrees above the horizon, Mercury is 1 degree above Jupiter.
On the 20th at midnight the 3.6 magnitude star Gamma Tauri in Taurus is 1¼ degrees to the lower right of the Moon.
Just before 6:00am on the 21st low in the WNW the Moon will be 2 degrees above the horizon with Aldebaran (0.8 Mag) 1½ degrees to the
left of it.
On the 22nd at 6:30am the Moon is 7½ degrees above the horizon and due WNW with the 2.9 magnitude star Zeta Tauri in Taurus just 2
degrees above it.
Venus is a just under 3 degrees and above left of the star Zubenelgenubi (2.7 Mag) in Libra on the 22nd.
At midnight on the 22nd the 2.8 magnitude star Mu Geminorum is 2 degrees upper left of the Moon.
The Ursids meteor shower reaches its peak at 6:00am on the 23rd.
At 6:00am on the 23rd the 4.1 magnitude star Nu Geminorum is 1 degree below the Moon in the west.
On the 23rd at 10:00pm the 3.5 magnitude star Wasat in Gemini is just 1¼ degrees to the upper left of the Moon.
The Comae Berenicids meteor shower reaches its peak between 4:00 – 5:00am on the 26th.
Venus is at perihelion (closest to the Sun in its orbit) on the 26th.
At 7:00am on the 26th the bright star Regulus in Leo will be just 6¾ degrees to the left of the Moon.
On the 27th at 6:00am the asteroid Ceres is approximately 3 degrees to the upper left of Venus in the direction of the 2.6 magnitude
star Zubeneschamali in Libra.
At 7:15am on the 29th the star Porrima in Virgo is just 4 degrees to the lower left of the Moon.
On the 30th at 6:20am in the south the asteroid Pallas will be 2½ degrees below the Moon.
On the 30th at 7:00am Jupiter is due south east and 7½ degrees above the horizon.
If any of you are up on the morning of the 1st January at 7:00am you will see the Moon in the SSE with Venus 7 degrees to the lower
left of it and Jupiter 6 degrees above the horizon in the south east.
* = Dates and times are subject to change.
Facts: Yuri Gagarin (b.1934) became the first man in space in April 1961. He entered into an apprenticeship at the age of 16 as a foundryman at the Lyubertsy Steel Plant near Moscow. After graduating
from both the seventh grade and vocational school with honours in moldmaking and foundry work, he was selected for further training at the Saratov Industrial Technical School, where he studied tractors. At a local flying club in Saratov he learned to fly a
biplane and a Yak-18 trainer.
News Extra: Anne McClain (b.1979) was born and raised in Spokane, Washington. She graduated from the United States Military Academy, where she earned a bachelor,s degree in mechanical engineering.
McClain then came to England where she attended the University of Bath where she earned a master's degree in aerospace engineering, and the University of Bristol where she earned a master's degree in international security. McClain is also an avid rugby player
and plays at a competitive level. Her army commitments thwarted her international career and prevented her participation in the 2006 Women's Rugby World Cup. In June 2013 she was selected by NASA as part of Astronaut Group 21, becoming the youngest astronaut
on the NASA roster.
David Saint-Jacques (b.1970) was born and raised in Quebec. He is married and has three children. He began his career as a biomedical engineer at the Quebec firm Electromed. His studies also included
theoretical work on astronomical observation and design, fabrication and commissioning of instruments for the Cambridge Optical Aperture Synthesis Telescope and for the William Herschel Telescope in the Canary Islands. He was selected in May 2009 by the Canadian
Oleg Kononenko (b.1964) is married and have
a son and daughter. In March 1996 he was selected as a cosmonaut candidate. His first mission to the ISS was as a flight engineer that was launched in April 2008. In his previous three missions to the ISS he has spent a total of 533 days in space.