This Months Sky

News on what is visable in this months sky as posted by Adrian Zielonka's in his monthly sky notes.

Thank you Adrian and thank you CADAS.

Hi all

Here is the astronomy news for May.

From Adrian.

Astronomy News

Night Sky 2021 - May

Sunrise

Sunset

Mercury Sets

Venus Sets

1st – 5:44am

10th – 5:28am

20th – 5:14am

30th – 5:03am

1st – 8:33pm

10th – 8:47pm

20th – 9:02pm

30th – 9:14pm

1st – 9:54pm

10th – 10:47pm

20th – 10:59pm

30th 10:21pm

1st – 9:18pm

10th – 9:45pm

20th – 10:14pm

30th – 10:36pm

Moon Rise

Moon Set

Moon Rise

Moon Set

1st – 1:22am (SE)

2nd – 2:21am

3rd – 3:05am

4th – 3:37am

5th – 4:00am (ESE)

6th – 4:19am

7th – 4:35am

8th – 4:49am (E)

9th – 5:03am

10th – 5:17am

11th – 5:33am (ENE)

12th – 5:52am

13th – 6:16am

14th – 6:46am

15th – 7:26am

16th – 8:16am (NE)

17th – 9:16am

18th – 10:25am

19th – 11:40am

1st – 8:47am (SW)

2nd – 9:54am

3rd – 11:08am

4th – 12:25pm

5th – 1:40pm (WSW)

6th – 2:52pm

7th – 4:02pm

8th – 5:11pm (W)

9th – 6:19pm

10th – 7:27pm (WNW)

11th – 8:36pm

12th – 9:44pm

13th – 10:51pm

14th – 11:54pm

16th – 12:50am (NW)

17th – 1:36am

18th – 2:12am

19th – 2:41am

20th – 3:04am (WNW)

20th – 12:58pm (ENE)

21st – 2:18pm

22nd – 3:40pm (E)

23rd – 5:05pm

24th – 6:33pm (ESE)

25th – 8:04pm

26th – 9:34pm

27th – 10:58pm

29th – 12:08am (SE)

30th – 1:00am

31st – 1:38am

- - - - - - -

All times

in notes are set

for

Somerton

unless stated

21st – 3:24am

22nd – 3:42am

23rd – 3:59am (W)

24th – 4:18am

25th – 4:39am (WSW)

26th – 5:06am

27th – 5:42am

28th – 6:30am (SW)

29th – 7:33am (SW)

30th – 8:48am

31st – 10:06am

- - - - - - -

Moon Phases

Last Quarter – 3rd

New Moon – 11th

First Quarter – 19th

Full Moon – 26th

A useful site: www.heavens-above.com

A S Zielonka

Arianespace
will use a Soyuz rocket to launch 36 satellites into orbit for the
OneWeb internet constellation. The Mission, called OneWeb 7 will lift
off from the Vostochny Cosmodrome in Siberia sometime during this
month*.

China's Tianwen-1 Mars rover will touch down on the Red Planet this month*.

On the 1st at 4:45am the star Kaus Borealis (2.8 mag) in Sagittarius is 1¼ degrees upper right of the Moon.

From the 1st – 5th Jupiter passes the star Iota Aquarii (4.2 mag) in Aquarius. On the 3rd at 4:30am low in the south east Iota Aquarii is 1¼ degrees below Jupiter.

From the 2nd – 4th Mercury passes close to the Pleiades low in the WNW. On the 4th
at 9:05pm Mercury is 2½ degrees to the left of the Pleiades star
cluster with Venus 6½ degrees below the Pleiades at 296 degrees azimuth
and just 3 degrees above the horizon.

At 4:45am on the 3rd
Saturn is 9 degrees to the left of the Moon and 3½ degrees above. The
star Theta Capricorni (4 mag) in Capricorn is just ¾ of a degree to the
left of Saturn.

On the 4th
at 4:30am Saturn is 6 degrees above the Crescent Moon and 3½ degrees to
the right. Jupiter is 11½ degrees to the left of the Moon and 3 degrees
above. The star '106039' (4.5 mag) in Hipparcos Catalogue is 1 degree
lower right of the Moon.

At 4:30am on the 5th
the crescent Moon is in the south east and just 3 degrees above the
horizon at 122 degrees azimuth. Jupiter is 5¾ degrees above the Moon and
¾ of a degree to the right.

On the 6th
at 4:40am the crescent Moon is due ESE at 112.5 degrees azimuth and
just 2¼ degrees above the horizon in the constellation of Aquarius.

The Eta Aquarids meteor shower can be seen from 19th April - 28th May. They reach their peak on the night of the 6th/7th May.
Its produced by dust particles left behind by comet Halley. Best
viewing will be from a dark location after midnight and will radiate
from the constellation of Aquarius, but can appear anywhere in the sky.

At 4:45am on the 7th a
thin crescent Moon is barely a degree above the eastern horizon at 102
degrees azimuth. Neptune is 5½ degrees above the Moon and 2 degrees to
the right.

From the 7th – 10th Venus passes close the Pleiades low in the WNW. On the 8th
at 9:15pm Venus is 4 degrees to the lower left of the Pleiades with
Mercury 8 degrees above Venus and 3½ degrees to the left. Venus is at
298 degrees azimuth and just 3½ degrees above the horizon.

From the 7th – 11th Mars passes close to the star Mebsuta (3 mag) in Gemini. On the 9th around 10:00pm Mebsuta will be ¾ of a degree upper right of Mars in the west.

On the 8th at 5:00am a very thin crescent Moon will be low in the east at 94 degrees azimuth and just 1 degree above the horizon.

An occultation of the planet Venus by the Moon occurs on the 12th. This will only be visible from the South Pacific ocean.

At 9:15pm on the 12th
a very thin crescent Moon is just 3 degrees above the WNW horizon at
298 degrees azimuth. Venus is 2 degrees above the Moon. Mercury is 8
degrees above Venus and 4 degrees to the left. Aldebaran (0.8 mag) is 7½
degrees to the left of Venus. The Pleiades star cluster are 6 degrees
to the right of the Moon and Venus.

On the 13th
at 9:30pm Mercury is 2½ degrees to the upper right of the thin crescent
Moon in the WNW. Venus is 9 degrees to the lower right of the Moon at
300.5 degrees azimuth and just 3½ degrees above the horizon.

From the 14th – 16th Venus passes close to the Stars Kappa Tauri (4.2 mag) and Upsilon Tauri (4.2 mag). On the 15th at 9:30pm Kappa Tauri is less than ½ a degree to the upper right of Venus, and on the 16th at the same time Upsilon Tauri is 1½ degrees to the right of Venus.

At 10:30pm on the 14th
the star Zeta Tauri (2.9 mag) in Taurus is 4 degrees below the crescent
Moon. The star Elnath (1.6 mag) is 6½ degrees to the right of the Moon.
Mercury should easily be seen 6½ degrees below Elnath and 3 degrees to
the right.

On the 15th
at 10:30pm the star Mebsuta (3 mag) in Gemini is ½ a degree above left
of the crescent Moon. Mars is 3½ degrees to the left of the Moon and 2
degrees above.

At midnight on the 16th
the star Kappa Geminorum (3.5 mag) in Gemini is just 1¼ degrees above
left of the Moon. Mars is 8 degrees to the lower right of the Moon.

Mercury is at maximum eastern elongation (22 degrees) from the Sun on the 17th.

There is a planned launch on the 17th
*of an Atlas V rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida. It will put the
U.S. Space Force's fifth Space Based Infrared System Geosynchronous
satellite (SBIRS GEO 5) into orbit.

On the night of the 17th at 1:00am the Beehive Star Cluster is 2½ degrees to the left of the Moon and 1 degree below.

At 9:30pm on the 19th
the Moon is approximately midway between the stars Algieba (2 mag) and
Regulus (1.3 mag) in Leo. The star Eta Leonis (3.4 mag) is just 2
degrees to the right of the Moon.

From the 20th – 24th Mercury passes within 3 degrees of the star Elnath (1.6 mag) in Taurus. On the 23rd at 9:30pm Venus is 6½ degrees below Elnath. On the 24th at 9:30pm Mercury is midway between Elnath and Zeta Tauri (2.9 mag) with Venus 4¼ degrees lower right of Mercury.

On the 20th at 10:00pm the star Chertan (3.3 mag) in Leo is 5 degrees above the Moon.

At 10:00pm on the 21st the star Nu Virginus (4 mag) in Virgo is 3 degrees to the right of the Moon and 1 degree above.

From the 21st – 25th Mars pases close to the star Wasat (3.5 mag) in Gemini. On the 23rd at 10:00pm Wasat is just 1½ degrees lower left of Mars.

On the 22nd at 10:00pm the star Porrima (2.7 mag) in Virgo is just 2 degrees to the right of the Moon.

At 10:00pm on the 23rd the star Spica (0.9 mag) in Virgo is 6 degrees below right of the Moon.

On the 24th at midnight the star Zubenelgenubi (2.7 mag) in Libra is just 2¾ degrees lower left of the Moon.

At midnight on the 25th
the star Theta Librae (4.1 mag) in Libra is 3¾ degrees to the upper
left of the Moon... Then at 4:00am the following morning Theta Librae is
3½ degrees above the Moon and 1 degree to the right.

There is a Total Eclipse of the Moon on the 26th
May. As the greatest eclipse occurs around midday not even a partial
phase will be visible from any part of Europe or Africa. The penumbral
phase starts at 9:47am and ends at 2:49pm. Totality only lasts for 14½
minutes.

From the 26th – 31st Venus passes close to Mercury. On the 28th at 9:30pm Mercury is ½ a degree to the left of Venus low in the WNW. On the 29th at the same time Mercury is 1 degree below Venus.

On the 26th at midnight low in the SSE the star Antares (1 mag) in Scorpius is 5 degrees to the right of the Moon and 2 degrees below.

From the 28th – 31st Comet C/2020 R4 Atlas (9.5 mag – April 16th) passes close to the star Zosma (2.5 mag) in Leo. On the 29th and 30th at midnight Comet Atlas is 2½ degrees to the right of Zosma.

Low in the south east at 12:30am on the night of the 28th, the star Nunki (2 mag) in Sagittarius is just 1 degree upper right of the Moon.

On the 30th
at 4:00am Saturn is 13½ degrees to the left of the Moon and 6 degrees
above. The star Theta Capricorni (4 mag) is less than ½ a degree to the
left of Saturn.

From the 30th May – 1st June Mars passes close to the star Kappa Geminorum (3.5 mag). On the 31st

Kappa Geminorum will be just under 2 degrees to the upper right of Mars.

At 4:15am on the 31st Saturn is 5 degrees above the Moon in the SSE.

* = Dates and times are subject to change.

News: NASA is working to land the first woman and the next man on the Moon by 2024. Space
Launch System (SLS), along with NASA's Orion spacecraft, the Human
Landing System and the Gateway in orbit around the Moon, are NASA's
backbone for deep space exploration. SLS is the only rocket that can
send Orion, astronauts and cargo to the Moon on a single mission.

China's
Chang'e 4 mission is currently exploring Von Karman crater on the Moon.
A south pole site will also be the target for NASA's VIPER rover
launching in 2023. The crewed Artemis initiative could also pay it a
visit in the coming years.

NASA's
Ingenuity carries inertial sensors, a laser altimeter,and two cameras: a
13-megapixel colour camera and a 0.5-megapixel black-and-white
navigation camera. It also has internal heaters to withstand the cold
Martian nights. There's also a piece of fabric from the original 1903
Wright flyer aboard Ingenuity, a swatch about the size of a postage
stamp. The cost for design, development and construction of Ingenuity
was $85 million.

Future
helicopters could become standard aboard planetary missions to scout
terrain ahead, look into shadowed craters, and more. While Ingenuity's
mission is a short proof of concept, it's only the beginning. NASA plans
on sending a much more ambitious nuclear-powered helicopter named
Dragonfly to Saturn's large moon Titan, perhaps launching in 2027.

Facts: George Robert Carruthers (b.1939) was an African American inventor, who passed away at the age of 81 on December 26th
2020, is immortalized on the Moon. There, in the shadow of the
abandoned Orion lunar module, sits a 2 foot 7inch gold-plated camera
that he designed and built: the first astronomical telescope to observe
the heavens from another celestial body. It was launched aboard Apollo
16 in 1972.

Hi All

Here is the astronomy news for October.

From Adrian Zielonka

Astronomy News

Night Sky 2021- October

Sunrise

Sunset

Mercury Rises

Venus Sets

1st – 7:12am

10th – 7:26am

20th – 7:43am

30th – 8:00am

1st – 6:48pm

10th – 6:29pm

20th – 6:08pm

30th – 5:48pm

15th – 6:37am

20th – 6:08am

25th – 6:05am

30th – 6:20am

1st – 7:58pm

10th – 7:45pm

20th – 7:35pm

30th – 7:31pm

Moon Rise

Moon Set

Moon Rise

Moon Set

1st – 12:24am

2nd – 1:36am

3rd – 2:53am

4th – 4:13am (ENE)

5th – 5:34am

6th – 6:57am (E)

7th – 8:22am

8th – 9:50am (ESE)

9th – 11:19am

10th – 12:46pm

11th – 2:06pm

12th – 3:12pm (SE)

13th – 4:02pm

14th – 4:38pm

15th – 5:04pm

16th – 5:24pm (ESE)

17th – 5:41pm

18th – 5:55pm (E)

19th – 6:09pm

1st – 5:20pm

2nd – 5:47pm

3rd – 6:08pm (WNW)

4th – 6:27pm

5th – 6:44pm (W)

6th – 7:00pm

7th – 7:18pm

8th – 7:39pm (WSW)

9th – 8:05pm

10th – 8:40pm

11th – 9:27pm

12th – 10:29pm (SW)

13th – 11:41pm

15th – 1:00am

16th – 2:19am (WSW)

17th – 3:36am

18th – 4:50am

19th – 6:03am (W)

20th – 7:14am

20th – 6:23pm

21st – 6:38pm (ENE)

22nd – 6:56pm

23rd – 7:18pm

24th – 7:46pm

25th – 8:23pm

26th – 9:10pm (NE)

27th – 10:08pm

28th – 11:15pm

30th – 12:29am

31st – 1:46am (ENE)

- - - - - - -

All times

in notes are set

for

Somerton

unless stated

21st – 8:25am

22nd – 9:35am (WNW)

23rd – 10:46am

24th – 11:54am

25th – 12:59pm

26th – 1:55pm (NW)

27th – 2:42pm

28th – 3:20pm

29th – 3:49pm

30th – 4:12pm

31st – 3:31pm (WNW)

- - - - - - -

Moon Phases

New Moon – 6th

First Quarter – 13th

Full Moon – 20th

Last Quarter – 28th

A useful site: www.heavens-above.com

A S Zielonka

During the evenings this month Jupiter lies just above the two stars Delta Capricorni (2.8 mag) and Nashira (3.6mag) in retrograde motion. Jupiter and the two stars form an equalateral triangle around the 3rd - 5th as well as on the 31st when its back in forward motion.

During the first half of this month the asteroid Ceres (8.3 mag) stays 2 degrees from Aldebaran (0.8 mag). Ceres will be to the lower left of Aldebaran. On the 31st at 11:00pm Ceres (7.7 mag) is just ½ a degree to the lower left of Aldebaran. This is a good month to follow Ceres. (For further information please see the “Asteroid “ section in the website above).

On the 1st at 5:30am the Beehive Star Cluster is 6 degrees below the crescent Moon and 1 degree to the left.

On the 2nd the Bepi Colombo mission to Mercury has its first flyby of this planet. It goes into orbit around Mercury in 2025.

At 5:30am on the 2nd the Beehive Star Cluster is 7 degrees to the right of the crescent Moon and 5 degrees above.

Venus is at aphelion on the 3rd.

An occultation of the star Eta Leonis (3.4 mag) by the Moon occurs on the 3rd. It disappears at 3:41:21am and reappears at 4:16:03am. (Please note that these times are set for Yeovilton)

At 5:15am on the 4th the star Chertan (3.3 mag) in Leo is 5 degrees to the left of a

thin crescent Moon.

On the 5th at 6:00am a very thin crescent Moon will be seen low in the east at 85 degrees azimuth and just 3 degrees above the horizon.

At 7:05pm on the 7th a very thin crescent Moon may be seen low in the WSW at 251.5 degrees azimuth and 1 degree above the horizon.

The Draconids meteor shower reaches its peak on the 7th. The shower runs annually from the 6th – 10th. This year, the nearly new Moon will leave dark skies for what should be a good show. Best viewing will be in the evening from a dark location away from lights.

Mars is at superior conjunction on the 8th.

The Moon is at perigee (363,386km) on the 8th at 6:29pm. At 7:15pm a very thin crescent Moon is just 2½ degrees above the horizon at 240 degrees azimuth.

Mercury is at inferior conjunction on the 9th.

On the 9th at 7:15pm the crescent Moon is 5 degrees above the south west horizon at 226 degrees azimuth. Venus is just 2 degrees to the lower left of the Moon at 224.5 degrees azimuth amongst the stars of Scorpius. The star Dschubba (2.2 mag) is ¾ of a degree above Venus.

From the 10th - 18th around 7:15pm Venus will be low near the south west horizon passing through the constellation of Scorpius. On the 16th at 7:00pm Venus is 4 degrees above the horizon at 220 degrees azimuth with the star Antares (1 mag) just 1½ degrees below it.

At 7:30pm on the 10th the star 84405 'Hipparcus I.D.' (4.3 mag) in Ophiuchus is 4 degrees to the left of the crescent Moon.

On the 11th at 8:20pm the star Mu Sagittarii (3.8 mag) is 6 degrees above the crescent Moon.

At 8:15pm on the 12th the star Nunki (2 mag) in Sagittarius is 3 degrees to the right of the Moon. The star Tau Sagittarii (3.3 mag) is less than a degree below the Moon.

On the 13th at 10:00pm Saturn is 7½ degrees above the Moon and 3½ degrees to the left.

At 10:45pm on the 14th Saturn is 8 degrees to the left of the Moon. Jupiter is 10 degrees upper left of the Moon. All three are amongst the stars of Capricornus.

On the 15th at 9:00pm Jupiter is 6 degrees above right of the Moon. Between them and slightly nearer Jupiter is the star Delta Capricorni (2.8 mag). The star Nashira (3.6) is 1½ degrees below Jupiter.

The Parker Solar Probe has a Venus flyby on the 16th.

From the 16th - 31st around 6:45am Mercury passes through the constellation of Virgo low in the east. On the 17th at 6:45am Mercury is 3½ degrees above the horizon at 100 degrees azimuth with Porrima (2.7 mag) 2¼ degrees to the upper left. On the 20th Mercury is 5½ degrees above the horizon at 101.5 degrees azimuth with Porrima 1½ degrees upper left. On the 23rd Mercury is 6 degrees above the horizon at 102.5 degrees azimuth with Porrima 2¼ degrees above. On the 29th Mercury is 4 degrees above the horizon at 104 degrees azimuth with the star Theta Virginis (4.3 mag) just ½ a degree to its right.

At 7:00pm on the 16th the star Tau Aquarii (4 mag) is less than ½ a degree above the Moon. The star Skat is 2¼ degrees below the Moon.

There is a planned launch no earlier than October 16th* from the Kennedy Space Centre in Florida of the “ Lucy “mission. Lucy will be the first space mission to study the Trojan asteroids associated with the planet Jupiter. Lucy will complete a 12 year journey to eight different asteroids which hold vital clues to deciphering the history of the solar system.

On the 17th at 7:00pm Neptune is 5 degrees above the Moon.

Mercury is at perihelion on the 20th.

At 9:00pm on the 20th the star Omicron Piscium (4.2 mag) is 2¾ degrees above the Moon and 2 degrees to the right.

On the 21st at 9:45pm the star Mu Ceti (4.2 mag) is 3 degrees to lower right of the Moon. Following a straight line from Mu Ceti through the Moon you will come to Uranus which is 2¼ degrees further on. A fainter star is just below and close to Uranus.

The Orionids meteor shower reaches its peak on the night of the 21st and the morning of the 22nd. Though they can be seen from the 1st October - 6th November. The full Moon will be a problem this month though if you are patient, you should manage to see a few bright ones. Best viewing will be from a dark location after midnight.

At 11:00pm on the 22nd the Pleiades star cluster is 6 degrees to the left of the Moon and 3 degrees above.

From the 22nd - 25th Comet 67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko (11.8 mag – Sept 13th) will be passing the star Mu Geminorum (2.8 mag) in Gemini. At midnight on the 23rd Chur-Gera will be just ½ a degree upper left of Mu Geminorum. Its distance from Earth on this day is 0.431AU. It will be ¾ of a degree from the Moon at midnight on the 26th. Its at perihelion on the 2nd of November when its 1.211AU from the Sun. From November 8th - 14th its at its closest to Earth at 0.418AU near the bright star Pollux.

On the 23rd at 11:00pm Aldebaran (0.8 mag) is 6 degrees below the Moon. Midway between them is the star Ain (3.5 mag).

The Moon is at apogee (405,615km) on the 24th at 4:29pm. At 11:00pm the star Elnath (1.6 mag) in Taurus is 5½ degrees to the left of the Moon and 1½ degrees above.

Mercury reaches maximum western elongation on the 25th when its 18.4 degrees from the Sun

At 11:00pm on the 25th the star 28734 'Hipparcos I.D.' (4.1 mag) in Gemini is 2 degrees to the lower right of the Moon. The star Propus (3.3 mag) is 3¾ degrees below the Moon.

On the 26th at 10:30pm the star Mebsuta (3 mag) in Gemini is 3 degrees to the upper right of the Moon.

At 11:30pm on the 27th the star Kappa Geminorum (3.5 mag) is 1¾ degrees upper right of the Moon.

On the night of the 28th at 12:30am the Beehive Star Cluster is 3 degrees to the right of the Moon and 1 degree below.

Venus reaches maximum eastern elongation on the 29th when its 47 degrees from the Sun.

At 1:00am on the night of the 29th the star Epsilon Leonis (2.9 mag) is 4 degrees to the left of the crescent Moon and 3 degrees above.

On the 31st at 6:00am the crescent Moon is approximately midway between the stars Chertan (3.3 mag) and Regulus (1.3 mag) in Leo.

There is a planned launch on the 31st* from Kennedy Space centre to the International Space Station (ISS). NASA's SpaceX Crew-3 mission will launch four astronauts aboard a Crew Dragon spacecraft on a Falcon 9 rocket. Assigned to the mission are NASA astronauts Raja Chari, Tom Marshburn and Kayla Barron. Also with them is the European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Matthias Maurer. (See below for further details)

  • = Dates and times are subject to change.

News: The launch of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is now scheduled for December 18th. It will be placed 960,000 miles from Earth at Lagrange point (L2) which is directly opposite the Sun and known as an halo orbit. Since L2 is just an equilibrium point with no gravitational pull, a halo orbit is not an orbit in the usual sense: the JWST will actually be in orbit around the Sun, but stays in the vicinity of the L2 point.

It was announced on the 7th September that the Perseverance rover had successfully collected two pencil-size cores from Jezero Crater on Mars. The holes were drilled September 1st and the 7th.

Four amateur astronauts have splashed down successfully in the Atlantic ocean after spending three days in space. They are the first private, all-civilian team ever to orbit the Earth. The Inspirational4 crew left on a SpaceX capsule from Florida on Wednesday 15th September and landed off the state's coast on Saturday 18th.

ISS News: Raja Chari (b.1977) is married to Holly Schaffter and have three children. In June 2017 he was selected for NASA Astronaut Group 22 to begin two years of training to become an astronaut. In December 2020 he was selected to be a part of the Artemis Team, a group of astronauts “to help pave the way for the next lunar missions including sending the first woman and next man to walk on the lunar surface in 2024”. He will be the first NASA rookie to command a spaceflight in this current mission since Joe Engle, who commanded the Space Shuttle Columbia in 1981.

Tom Marshburn (b.1960) is an American physician and a NASA astronaut. He is a veteran of two spaceflights to the International Space Station (ISS). During his first spaceflight in 2009 he took part in three spacewalks. During his second spaceflight in 2012/2013 Christopher Cassidy and himself performed an unplanned spacewalk to replace a pump controller box suspected to be the source of an ammonia coolant leak. Two days later Marshburn and his crew returned to Earth on May 13th.

Kayla Barron (b.1987) is married to Tom, who is a U.S. Army Special Forces officer. Kayla is an American submarine warfare officer, engineer and a NASA astronaut. Following her submarine assignment on USS Maine she was Flag Aide to the superintendent at the Naval Academy until her selection as an astronaut.

Matthias Maurer (b.1970) is a German European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut and materials scientist. He is fluent in three other languages (English, Spanish and French). He has also taken intensive language training in Russian and Chinese for his astronaut training. On the 28th July 2020 he was announced as a backup crew member for Thomas Pesquet on SpaceX Crew-2 to the ISS. The current mission will make him the twelfth German astronaut.

Facts: Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman to go into space. In 1963 she spent almost three days in space and orbited Earth 48 times in her space capsule, Vostok 6. It was her only trip into space. She later toured the world to promote Soviet science and became involved in Soviet politics.